BY TTT NEWS NETWORK
DURGAPUR ( WEST BENGAL) , 4 MARCH 2023:
Encephalocele is a protrusion of the brain and the membranes that cover it through an opening in the skull. Encephalocele happens when the neural tube does not close completely during pregnancy. These children are usually born with a swelling at the back of the head. This is a rare disease with incidence of about 1 per 10000 live births, and the outcome even after timely intervention is poor.
This child was delivered by caesarean section at private nurshing home in Barakar. The child had a very large swelling at the back of the head at the time of delivery, so the child was referred to IQ City Medical College and Hospital, Durgapur. The child was admitted jointly under the Department of Paediatric Surgery headed by Dr. C. S. Singh and the Department of Paediatrics headed by Dr. Jayant Kumar Muduli at IQ City Medical College and Hospital. CT scan of the child was done which confirmed the diagnosis of encephalocele and showed a defect in the skull through which the brain tissue and brain fluid along with its covering layers were protruding outside.
After proper stabilization, the child was taken for surgery at day 4 of life. The surgery lasted for about 3 hours and the swelling was removed completely from the head of the child with proper reconstruction. There were no post-operative complications and the child was removed from the ventilatory support very next day after surgery. Presently the child is neurologically normal and gaining weight.
Mrs. Suparna Sengupta, CEO of IQ City Medical College and Hospital, Durgapur said “This very rare congenital anomaly was treated successfully with the team effort of Paediatric surgeon, Paediatric anaesthetists, Paediatricians and the highly trained OT and NICU staff at IQ City Hospital Medical College and Hospital, Durgapur. As the child’s parents are very poor, the entire treatment was done free of cost under the Swasthsathi Scheme of the government.”